Many fishermen make the common mistake of using line that is too heavy for the type of rod and reel they use, then wonder why they can’t cast very far. The first piece of advice i would give is to match the reel you use with the right line.
Small reels will accept almost any weight line but are actually best suited for light line, don’t go over 6 pound test unless you are using a large reel. Also note that fish have eyes, if you use a heavy line chances are great that the fish will see this line.
The size of your equipment also matters, you don’t need a 7 foot rod if you are fishing for rainbow trout, crappie, or bluegill, but if you are after larger fish like muskie, or salmon that would be the time to consider using a larger rod, reel, and line. The same goes for saltwater fishing, if you are going to be in an environment where there is the possibility that you would a 30 pound or larger fish make sure you have the equipment to match the game you are after.
There are lots of different baits and each fisherman has his or her favorite and most prized, you will want to have a good assortment of lures at the ready, and always test your lures, try different spoons, lures, and even live bait to find out what works. Another thing you can try is two different baits at the same time, a worm on one hook and a minnow on another hook, with this technique you can determine what the fish are hitting on.
You should also make it a point to ask other fishermen what they are catching and what the fish are biting on, most will be willing to tell you yet some will act like they are the only ones that have the “secret,” don’t worry about the secret keepers chances are they really don’t know anything more than anyone else.
Tackle boxes come in many sizes for convenience, there are compact tackle boxes that are great for packing in your backpack if you hike in to a remote fishing location for fly fishing and you only have a limited amount of space to carry the necessities, pick the right tackle box for the occasion.
You will want to have an assortment of bobbers, hooks, sinkers, swivels, gloves, a pair of needle nose pliers and a knife for the basic items in your tackle box, from there you can expand your arsenal with lures, spoons, flies, artificial baits like frogs, slugs, worms ect. Another thing you may want to consider is a small first aid kit with band-aids for the occasional cut you may get.
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